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CNC Machining Tool Material and Coating Application Guide

July 21, 2017, 10:47 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

We have many helpful articles over at HSMAdvisor Help portal. But beacuse of that very reason not many website visitors actually read any of them.
It is a pitty that most advanced users will never actually visit the help section, because they already know how to operate HSMAdvisor.

And this particular one, I believe, is too useful (I just updated it to include more info) for my customers and other machinists to keep it burried in some help section that few ever read.

So here you go:

This is a short Application Guide for use of different cutting tool materials and coatings.

Tool Materials and Coatings are listed from least preferable to most preferable.
(IE: line "Recommended tool materials: HSS, HSCobalt, Carbide, Diamond" means that HSS is the least preferable material and Diamond is the Most preferable one)

The following guidelines are mostly for milling operations, but, with some reservations, can be applied for turning and drilling as well.

Tool Material

  • Aluminum and other non-ferrous metals:
    Recommended tool materials: HSS, HSCobalt, Carbide, Diamond
    Recommended number of flutes:2 or 3
    Recommended coolant: Flood Coolant for all tool materials, reduce cutting depth and speed for less than ideal cooling situations
  • Abrasive non-ferrous and non-metall materials:
    Recommended tool materials: HSS, HSCobalt, Carbide, Diamond
    Recommended number of flutes:2 or 3
    Recommended coolant: Flood Coolant for all tool materials, reduce cutting depth and speed for less than ideal cooling situations
  • Mild and Tool Steels
    Recommended tool materials:HSS, HSCobalt, Carbide
    Recommended number of flutes: 4 for regular machining; 4+ for finishing and HSM machining   
    Recommended coolant for HSS and HSCObalt tooling: Flood, reduce cutting depth and speed for less than ideal coolant situations
    Recommended coolant for Carbide tooling: Dry or mist airblast to clear the chips
  • Nikel and Cobalt Ferrous super alloys
    Recommended tool materials:HSCobalt, Carbide, Ceramics
    Recommended number of flutes: 3-4 for regular machining; 4+ for finishing and HSM machining   
    Recommended coolant for HSCobalt and Carbide: High pressure, high volume flood coolant
    Recommended coolant for Ceramics: None
  • Titanium alloys
    Recommended tool materials: HSCobalt, Carbide
    Recommended number of flutes: 3-4 for regular machining; 4+ for finishing and HSM machining   
    Recommended coolant: High pressure, high volume flood coolant

Tool Coating

Coating improves wear and temperature resistance of the cutting edge.
General rules of thumb:

  • Aluminum and other non-abrasive non-ferrous metals
    Recommended coatings:No Coating (bright finish), TiCN, ZrN, TiB
    Recommended coolant: Flood, reduce cutting depth and speed for less than ideal coolant situations
  • Abrasive non-ferrous and non-metall materials:
    Recommended coatings: TiAlN,AlTiN, AlCrN, Diamond
    Recommended coolant: Flood, reduce cutting depth and speed for less than ideal coolant situations
  • Mild and tool Steels
    Recommended coatings:TiN, TiCN, TiAlN, AlTiN, AlCrN
    Recommended coolant for HSS and HSCObalt tooling: Flood, reduce cutting depth and speed for less than ideal coolant situations
    Recommended coolant for Carbide tooling: Dry or mist airblast to clear the chips
  • Nikel and Cobalt Ferrous super alloys
    Recommended coatings:TiN, TiCN, TiAlN, AlTiN, AlCrN
    Recommended coolant: High pressure, high volume flood coolant
  • Titanium alloys
    Recommended coatings:No coating (bright finish); Super hard AlCrN, AlTiN, TiAlN nano coatings
    Recommended coolant: High pressure, high volume flood coolant

Do you think this information is not complete or you need more?

Drop us a line.

See Contact Details for ways to reach us


FSWizard:Online Beta!

June 22, 2017, 4:39 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

The new FSWizard mobile Beta was just released for everybody to try.

This is a test version intended to check compatibility on different computers, mobile devices and browsers.
Some of the features do not yet work. Others work better than in the old version. Basically excercise caution when using it.

The number of materials is still limited to a couple of test peices and will be expanded later.

FSWizard.com is now (perhaps) going to become the new official home of FSWizard Online and Mobile calculator!

You can check it out right now and post your concerns and wishes in the comments below:


FSWizard Build Blog n3

May 9, 2017, 10:48 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

Today was quite productive.

All the remaining milling tool types have been finished.

The last one to complete was Chamfering tool type:

Looking at the HSMAdvisor's tool graphic on the right i realize how useful it is to understand where your tool engagement is.
Especially so for tapered, Ballnose and Chamfering tools.

FSWizard does not yet have that functionality, but i will definitely try to add it in one of the updates after the initial release.


FSWizard Build Blog n2

May 8, 2017, 11:42 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

As you might know after i pulled online FSWizard, I set on a huge task rewriting its code to reflect better on all the great improvements HSMAdvisor has had in the last 4 years

So far I have completed rewriting FSWizard code for all Endmill tool types.

Special attention is being paid to have it produce exactly the same results as its big brother:
 

Do not mind the mobile phone frame around the new FSWizard. It will be available online in your desktop browser as well!

I am going to continue posing here about my progress.
So far it seems I will be publishing a first online alpha version in a few weeks.

Best Regards.


Mayday !

May 1, 2017, 12:35 am by Eldar Gerfanov

Well not the bad mayday. It is the good one.

Today is the International Worker's day.

My best wishers go to all machinists and cnc programmers out there.

Keep it safe.

Btw. HSMAdvisor v1.509 has been released just yesterday. It is a big release which has lots of improvements. So we updated the Mastercam x9 and 2017 hooks as well.

Btw2. User's feedback has been plenty and steady recently. Please keep it up!  We really like making HSMAdvisor even better by adding stuff that you actually need!

Cheers!


Running HSMAdvisor on Linux

April 17, 2017, 9:56 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

Previously when someone asked me whether HSMAdvisor works on linux or Mac I would steer them towards using VirtualBox or Parallels or some other virtual machine to run HSMAdvisor in the virtual Windows box.

As it turns out it is not always necessary.

Our customer has just managed to successfully run HSMA on Linux using package called Wine.

All he had to do was to use wine in 32 bit mode.

I, personally, did not think it was possible to run an app as complex as HSMAdvisor on linux without any modifications on my side. But i was wrong!

Here is a helpful link if you are running 64 bit version of linux and your Wine refuses to launch HSMAdvisor in 32 bit mode:

https://askubuntu.com/questions/136714/how-to-force-wine-into-acting-like-32-bit-windows-on-64-bit-ubuntu

Reportedly Reference and Geometry tabs do not work. But this is not surprising, since they use Internet Explorer to show the information.

Also pressing ENTER key causes the app to crash.

I am going to install a test Linux system on my workstation in the near future and figure out how to fix those issues and make Non-Windows support more readily available.

On another news.

Having made a new FSWizard App design and right before publishing. I decided to rewrite the whole core almost from scratch.

This was needed to make room for new modules like User Tool Libraries and Machine Profiles.

The work is going ahead at full speed and in due time i will roll our the brand new spanking FSWizard!


A Total Guide into Plunging and Ramping

April 4, 2017, 8:33 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

Before we start milling away our stock we first need to get down to the required depth.

This is not a problem with external features when we can plunge outside.

When machining closed pockets, however, we need to find a way to get down to the machining depth first.

As usual there are several ways to get the job done. The plunging methods listed here are not ordered by their preference.

For various machining operations on different materials some may be more preferable than others.

Straight Plunging into a larger Pre-Drilled hole

This is one the best ones in my opinion.
Very few machining modes can compete in effectiveness with drilling and this method will get you the best combined tool life on most materials and (in case of many deep pockets) the least machining time, even when tool change time is factored in.

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Uninstall Feedback

March 23, 2017, 9:22 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

Out of all kinds of feedback forms on HSMAdvisor (we have Forums, User Feedback and Unistall Feedback) web site the only one I dread opening is the "Uninstall Feedback".

When someone uninstalls HSMAdvisor, on the last step the program asks to provide the final feedback to maybe help us make HSMAdvisor better.

I do not like reading this form very much because it means that would-be users left in some way dissatisfied with the program.

And that really breaks my heart!

Among the most common answers is stuff like "does not support metric" even though IT VERY MUCH SUPPORTS METRIC.
We have, without a doubt, one of the most flexible units system of all machining-related software products.
I guess I have to improve in helping people learn how to use many unit switches within the program.

But the one that stood out is this one:

Quote:
Your software is AWESOME. I'm just uninstalling so I can reinstall on another machine. Thanks for making a great product!

Thank you Jeremy! Really made my day!

Just a heads-up.

Another update is coming this weekend.
I am adding some materials and this threads specification drawing:

Requested by one of the users, I am sure it will be a big help.


Fight SPAM!

March 21, 2017, 9:15 am by Eldar Gerfanov

This website has recently become a target of relentless spam attacks.
Some dumbasses (probably bots or worse Russian hackers) post unrelated messages and such. Possibly looking for exploits in the security system.

I pride my self in openness to any meaningful content and do not want to pre-moderate comments or make registration (with email verification) mandatory.
So I subscribed to https://www.abuseipdb.com free API service that checks user's IP address before allowing to post any comments.

If you by any chance are wrongfully denied access, just let me know and i will clear the block.

On my part i will ban and report spammers with extreme prejudice. Let's make internet spam free one IP at a time!

For webmasters here is plain PHP code i used to enable IP checking and reporting:

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HSMAdvisor v1.506 For MasterCAM

March 5, 2017, 10:38 pm by Eldar Gerfanov

I have just uploaded the latest update to HSMAdvisor hook for MasterCam x9 and 2017.
This is a catch-up update to the latest HSMAdvisor improvements.

Additionally i promised few guys a tutorial on how to easily install the hook into MasterCam 2017

So here it is:

Please excuse my lack of artistic prowess.
Hey, You can be ANYTHING but you can not be EVERYTHING

And i am more of a technical guy who, perhaps, lacks the hypnotizing narrating skills of a salesman :)


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© 200908:53:46-2016 Eldar Gerfanov. All Rights Reserved.
© 2009 Eldar Gerfanov. Materials on this site are presented as is and are mostly for educational use. You may freely reproduce information presented herein without any consent from me, provided you include link to this site.
In case when i am not the copyright holder, you may want to contact proper owner of material. Anyway, they are freely available on the Internet.
If you hold the copyright right for any of the materials on this site and want them removed, please contact me here